The ecosystem

The concept of Robonomics was born back in 2015. Core Robonomics developers started to mine Ethereum by launching the 4th ETH node ever. The concept of smart contracts inspired them to create the first case of the economy of robots. 

They launched a drone with a single transaction under Ethereum control in March 2016, which shows how Blockchain technology can act as a foundation for robotics. This launch was the first robot ever to be controlled by a blockchain. 

The economy of robots represents an environment that is automated and based on robots. Industrial tasks, complex calculations, or simply communication bots… Many of these tasks will be replaced by Ai and highly technologically advanced machines.

Robonomics’ goal is to develop an environment that allows any programmer or roboticist to tap into a decentralized network and use blockchain technology for their IoT use cases. Robonomics is currently based on Ethereum. However, the team realized the advantage and potential of Polkadot from early on. Because of this, Robonomics has been learning to work with the Polkadot network since 2018. Soon, the network will partially exist on Ethereum and partially on Polkadot.

Robonomics pushed forward the “Kusama first” plan to get there, with the next step to acquire a parachain slot on Kusama.

As Sergei Lonshkov, software developer at Robonomics described: “One platform for robotics engineers with different blockchains under the hood — that is the mission of the core DAO development team in the long term.”

Kusama is seen as the experimental version of Polkadot. A place where projects build and develop. It has almost the same codebase as Polkadot and is built on Substrate. The interoperability and scalability of Kusama are enabling projects to go beyond their limits. Kusama was founded in 2019 by Gavin Wood, founder of Polkadot and co-founder and former CTO of Ethereum.

After Kusama, Robonomics aims to become a Relay Chain in Polkadot, for which Polkadot has pointed at an estimate of 2023. Once Robonomics becomes a Relay Chain, the ecosystem will be able to grow exponentially. At that point, any other project that relates to Robonomics can become a parachain. Based on tests, the Robonomics Relay Chain will allow the Polkadot network to serve up to 1 million IoT systems simultaneously with a subscription price of $2.

The Polkadot Promoteam recently expressed that “Robonomics has one of the most technically advanced teams in the Polkadot space building infrastructure for the Internet of Things, robots, smart contracts, their interaction with each other, and with people. It’s the most futuristic and at the same time down-to-earth project.”, adding, “it will become a parachain in the near future.”. Source.

The first parachain slot of the future Robonomics Relay Chain is already filled. Software Architect Sergei and the core team are full of ideas and are part of several projects that involve robotics, including Integral Platform for Climate Initiatives. 

To simplify:
Right now, Robonomics exists on Ethereum.
After receiving a Parachain slot on Kusama in the upcoming weeks, it will exist partially on Kusama and Partially on Ethereum (50/50).
The next step after the Kusama Parachain is the Polkadot Relay Chain, estimated for 2023.

Problems solved by Robonomics:

Robonomics offers a way to connect blockchain and decentralization into real-life robotics. A decentralized architecture offers great benefits for smart grids and the Internet of Things.  And on top of that, the blockchain acts as an open ledger that creates trust. As the world steps into the 4th industrial revolution, the economy of automated robots, Robonomics acts as the most accessible platform for connecting robots, worldwide.

The early phase of the economy of robots is mostly being developed on centralized systems, creating vulnerabilities that are typical for this kind of architecture. Growing a smart grid on top of a single-server structure will allow one server’s failure to influence the whole network. The alternative is a decentralized, peer-to-peer architecture, offered by blockchain networks and Robonomics.

The blockchain that runs on top of a decentralized network guarantees the legitimacy of data. The blockchain removes third parties that are needed to install trust. A network can become “trustless” by using an open ledger that cannot be tampered with. 

Decentralization for robotics:
enforces the network by relying on multiple peers, ensuring uptime
enables peer-to-peer communication between robots and humans
removes intermediates that could have bad intentions

Blockchain for robotics:
acts as a historical ledger that cannot be tampered with, creating a trustless environment
supports smart contract, programmable scripts that enable automation
as being open-source it creates a “plug-and-play” environment for robotics

Use cases
When circumambulating the concepts of decentralization and trustlessness, you quickly realize the possibilities are endless. Robonomics acts as a foundation to head into a future of automation and intelligent robotics. 

The core team is full of inspiration and keeps thinking ahead. After all, Robonomics is not necessarily a use case itself, but it’s the foundation of an infinite amount of use cases. For any use case deployed on the network, the XRT token acts as gas, fueling the communications between robots and humans.

Robonomics has created more than one example of how their network is and can be used. We’ll dive into a few, but feel free to discover many more in the Robonomics Use Cases book.

Distributed Sky Project
Back in 2016, the team launched a single drone with an Ethereum transaction. Out of this event, the concept of the Distributed Sky project was born.

Distributed Sky is the backbone of the global UAS Traffic Management (UTM). It uses a worldwide network of computers to process and store identity, traffic, and other sensitive information while using cryptography to make the UTM process secure and scalable. It handles a high load of transactions, basically communications, through a distributed and robust consensus algorithm. To achieve this, a combination of IPFS and the Ethereum network is used.

Flight logs, large files such as topographic info, and media files are stored in IPFS and only a hash of each file is written to the blockchain. The network is accessible for anyone in the world and is infinitely scalable.

Finally, if a were to deliver a package, then upon delivery it could automatically trigger it to be paid with cryptocurrency.

Gaka-Chu The NFT Painting Robot
Gaka-Chu is the perfect example of the economy of robots. The project is a fun way of representing how Robonomics works and how any robot can be connected to the network and autonomously interact with the world.

Gaka-Chu used to be an industrial robot and found a second life at the ITMO University in St. Petersburg as a painter. The team programmed the robot to be fully independent and autonomous. After creating paintings, it now mints them as NFT on the blockchain. So far every painting sold! 

With this project, the robonomics team has created the first robot to independently create art and sell it as an NFT. Every NFT comes with a blockchain log, a video of the painting, and the artwork itself. 

Sensors measuring water and air quality
The need for smart technology is greater than we can imagine. Robonomics proves how technology can improve the way we interact with nature. The blockchain guarantees the reliability of the data we collect since it’s completely immutable once recorded.

The Clean Water program was launched in 2006. The program is based on three basic pillars: to change the legislation to enhance protection over the water resources, the promotion of the consumption of quality drinking water in the country, and the continuous scientific research on water treatment. Robonomics was used for tracking the water quality of the Volga, Europe’s longest river.

The page shows all the sensors that are connected to the network right now. Including the sensors placed by Sergei, software developer of Robonomics, please feel free to read his proof of concept at work. The Urban Sensor project is focused on tracking the air quality of urban environments and aims to contribute to a healthier life. This information can be used not only by local governments but also by businesses.

This leads to the DAO ICPI. A decentralized autonomous organization that uses Robonomics to register and track energy consumption and the carbon footprint offset of devices, companies, buildings, etc. Data is collected autonomously and so there is no possibility of manipulation. The blockchain then works as an immutable source of proof, avoiding greenwashing, the practice of hiding ecological impact. Eager to learn more? Read their whitepaper.

Robonomics Web Services
Robonomics values true decentralization. It reflects these morals not only through being a DAO and being completely open-source but also with its projects. The Robonomics Web Services is the first service in the world that offers a decentralized and blockchain-driven way to connect any type of robot that runs on the Robot Operating System or ROS in short. ROS is used by tens of thousands of roboticists all over the world.

The 4th industrial revolution is being described as the economy of robotics, Ai, and automation. The developers of Robonomics are dedicated to creating a foundation for the next era which is decentralized. Smart factories, smart cities, smart offices, or smart homes. Ai and robots will find their way into our society. The importance of a decentralized network based on cryptography and trust are of vital importance.

As of now, most developers and programmers rely on centralized hosting services like AWS. Robonomics offers a decentralized alternative, which can be used by paying a small fee. RWS offers enough bandwidth and is aimed to support corporations and businesses.

What is XRT and what is RWS?

XRT - The utility token of the Robonomics environment. XRT acts as the fuel of the economy of robots, maintaining the decentralized robotics network and creating the foundation of smart cities and IoT. The XRT token allows users access to the network and interacts with the Ethereum Virtual Machine or the Polkadot Network, as well as the Robotics Operating System (ROS) and the AIRA OS. 

Since transactions make use of smart contracts it enables specific terms or conditions to be communicated with it, providing automation. This creates a smart environment where a transaction can, for example, demand a drone to go to a specific set of GPS coordinates triggered by an XRT transaction. Simply put, an XRT transaction is both an exchange of value and exchange of data.

The XRT token is the economic incentive for participants to support the network by verifying transactions and peer-to-peer communication between robots and humans, keeping it truly decentralized.

More information on the XRT tokenomics here.

RWS - Robonomics Web Services is a decentralized infrastructure service over IPFS, Ethereum, and Polkadot for Robotics and IoT. For industrial, consumer, and commercial solutions. In comparison to the traditional centralized web services available right now, RWS is based on IPFS and blockchain technology. The RWS token allows users to interact with the network based on a subscription model. In return, developers and roboticists receive data bandwidth which is decentralized and hashed onto the blockchain.

To conclude, RWS provides a subscription, bandwidth, and a blockchain-based datalog.

1 RWS token will provide 1 transaction per second from/to an IoT device over the Robonomics Parachain. Activating the RWS token provides more than 2,500,000 tx in a month with no time limits.

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